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sixpenceee:

UNETHICAL EXPERIMENTS: SHOCKS FOR PICTURES

In 1862, French neurologist Guillaume Duchenne wanted to test the popular theory (at the time) that the face was directly linked to the soul.

He had already done some work applying electric shocks to patients’ damaged muscles and he reasoned that if he could apply electric currents to a subject’s face he could stimulate the muscles and photograph the results.

One problem was that while it was easy to activate responses with electric shocks, it passed too quickly for the camera to record.

One of the patients at the hospital where Duchenne worked was a shoemaker who suffered from facial paralysis, which meant he would hold facial expressions longer- long enough to photograph.

The above picture is one of the pictures.

Duchenne subjected the shoemaker to over 100 sessions. While it was clearly unethical and pretty painful, Duchenne figured out the muscles required for a genuine smile.  

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koovapkc:

in honor of reaching 1,000 followers i decided to start a skype group w ppl who enjoy the creatures!!

RULES:

  • reblogs/likes count
  • aiming for the group to be 10-15 people
  • must reblog the creatures frequently 
  • must have skype
  • should be active in the group 
What you get out of it!!
  • super cool new friends
  • get more notes on your posts/selfies
  • gain followers
  • you get to be apart of a fun group!
  • get to talk to more people in the fandom   

**you dont have to be in a call if you are not comfortable w it**

i will send asks to all the people who are accepted!!

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